Classroom accommodations for the ADHD student can help them perform better in school, as well as make it easier for both parents and teachers to give the child the same ability to learn as the other students in the class. There are many different things that can be done, all of which should be outlined and clearly documented in your child’s IEP or Section 504 Plan.
Below are a few of the different classroom interventions that can help with dealing with hyperactivity and the inability to focus:
Seating: Where the child sits can make a significant difference. Ideally they should be seated away from windows and doors, which can be very distracting, and as close as possible to the teacher during lessons and assignments. If the students are seated at tables or in groups, careful attention should be made as to which students the child is sitting with, since he or she may not only be distracted by them, but also distract them as well. Some children may also benefit from special seats that help them stay seated, such as a learning support cushion or t-stool.
Less Homework: An ADHD child may have no problems answering 10 math questions, but could greatly struggle with 40, since the longer the assignment, the more likely they will be to lose focus or interest. In most cases, the actual work is not different, but there may be limits on how much time an assignment is expected to take.
Set Time Limits: If too much time is allotted for a project, it is likely the child may not be any more productive. Often times doing projects in pieces and using a timer to complete the different sections can be of assistance in helping them to complete tasks more efficiently. Setting time limits and using a timer can also be helpful with things such as restroom breaks, errands, and other activities.
Repeat Instructions: Whether it is by having a video, recording directions, or having a list of instructions for the student to read while working on a project, the repetition is important in helping him or her follow directions and get work completed. Longer tasks should be broken down into smaller parts so he or she does not lose focus or interest.
Giving the Student Special Jobs: If the student needs to burn off extra energy, giving the student jobs such as erasing and washing the blackboard or other type of responsibilities may help them as well as make them feel important and special.
Address Organization Skills: Most children with attention deficit disorder have a hard time staying organized. Having a set schedule and routine, making checklists, and a system to remember homework can all be beneficial.
Social Skills Activities: Many children may do acceptably academically, but constantly have problems getting along with other children, causing disruptions, or other behavioral conflicts. If recess, assemblies, lunch field trips, or other things are a problem, you can also request special accommodations be made in these areas also.
These are just a few examples of the many classroom accomodations for the ADHD student. These ideas can be incorporated into your child’s IEP plan or discussed with the child’s teacher and principal.